CELLS alive LOGO  

Cell Biology

Microbiology

Immunology

Microscopy

Cell Models

HowBig
Mitosis

Cell Cycle
Meiosis

Cell Cams

Puzzles

Quizzes

Study Aids

FLASH® +

PowerPoint®

Video Clips

Stock Video



Search cellsalive
Custom Search

 

 


Bacteria Divide and Multiply

TIME–LAPSE VIDEO: In this video, see how two E. coli, given a suitable environment for growth, divide and form a colony of hundreds of bacteria in about three hours. Then visit the CELLS alive! Bacteria BioCam to follow a colony of bacteria in "real time".

 

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

The full version of this clip is in the
Bacteria Collection. ($)

 

Bacteria are all around us. Given good growing conditions, a bacterium grows slightly in size or length, a new cell wall grows through the center forming two daughter cells, each with the same genetic material as the parent cell. If the environment is optimum, the two daughter cells may divide into four in 20 minutes. Oh my! 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64... Then why isn't the earth covered with bacteria?

The primary reason may be that conditions are rarely optimum. Scientists who study bacteria try to create the optimum environment in the lab: culture medium with the necessary energy source, nutrients, pH, and temperature, in which bacteria grow predictably.

 

bacterial growth curve

 

LAG PHASE: Growth is slow at first, while the "bugs" acclimate to the food and nutrients in their new habitat.

LOG PHASE: Once the metabolic machinery is running, they start multiplying exponentially, doubling in number every few minutes.

STATIONARY PHASE: As more and more bugs are competing for dwindling food and nutrients, booming growth stops and the number of bacteria stabilizes.

DEATH PHASE: Toxic waste products build up, food is depleted and the bugs begin to die.

 

 

 

Some Keywords:

exponential growth, binary fission, asexual reproduction, population dynamics, lag phase, log phase, stationary phase, death phase

 

 

 

 

 

 

Home  |  About Us  |  Awards  |  Privacy Policy  |  Permissions  |  Contact  |  ©1994 to 2014, Quill Graphics